Page 33 - IDEA Study 8 2017 Direct subsidies and R&D output in firms
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 propensity to apply for Czech IP protection by firm size al difference-in-differences)  t shows the effect of the respective subsidy programme, which is the difference between m the propensity score matching estimates (see Appendix Table A8 for details). Positive ould not be produced, if the subsidy was not provided. The effects are reported for the programme. 31 

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