Page 5 - IDEA Studie 03 2023 Vyvoj postoju k uprchlikum z Ukrajiny
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VÝVOJ POSTOJŮ ČESKÉ VEŘEJNOSTI K VÁLEČNÝM UPRCHLÍKŮM Z UKRAJINY IDEA 2023                                                              Study 3/2023 Evolution in Czech Public Attitudes towards War Refugees from Ukraine2 FEBRUARY 2023 DANIEL MÜNICH, TOMÁŠ PROTIVÍNSKÝ Summary • In the wake of Russia’s military assault on Ukraine at the end of February 2022, an atmosphere of solidarity prevailed in the Czech Republic and most of the Czech population supported the country’s intake of war refugees. By the end of November 2022, that support had fallen by approximately one quarter. Czechs’ perceptions of how well integrated Ukrainians were into Czech society worsened similarly. • This change in Czech public attitudes over time did not, however, stem primarily from personal or first hand experience of welcoming refugees; rather, it was related to a gradual decrease in public interest in the conflict after the initial shock of it first beginning. Although several aspects of Ukrainian refugees’ integration improved in real terms in the second half of 2022, for example in relation to schools and to the labour market, this progress was not reflected in Czech public opinion. • There continue to be very large differences in the extent to which different groups of the Czech public support the acceptance of Ukrainian refugees. Refugee rejection often stems from a lack of knowledge and from fears that the arrival of refugees could worsen people’s own situations: negative attitudes to refugees are more often expressed by people who do not follow the news 2 This study presents the authors’ own views and not the official position of the Czech Academy of Sciences’ Economics Institute nor of the Charles University Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education (CERGE). Any remaining ambiguities or errors are the authors’ own. The authors collaborated closely with PAQ Research on the preparation of the survey and wish to thank them – in particular Daniel Prokop and Eliška Dvořáková – for providing the data and for their expert advice. The authors would like to thank their colleagues Michal Bauer, Vojtěch Bartoš, Jana Cahlíková and Julie Chytilová for their contribution to the preparation of questions for the Ukrainian module of the Life during the pandemic. The authors also thank the National Institute of Mental Health and Dominika Grygarová for agreeing to the use of their data in the study and they also thank the Czech Social Science Data Archive of the Institute of Sociology of the CAS and Yana Leontiyeva for the same. The data collection and the study were produced with support from the Czech Academy of Sciences within its AV21 Strategy programme Society in Motion. This publication uses data obtained through the data services of the Czech Social Science Data Archive (CSDA). The CSDA research infrastructure project is supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports under Grant No. LM2018135.    3 

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